I’m sure there are many who watch Israel’s Jewish settlement policy unfold in the West Bank and East Jerusalem and ask themselves: is there actually a method to this madness? Among the most compelling answers to this question comes from veteran Israeli peace activist Jeff Halper, co-founder and coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions.
One of the truly great Israeli peace organizations, ICAHD has been indefatigably tracking the demolition of homes and evictions of Palestinians in the Occupied Territories since 2007. Even more critically, Halper and Co. have been exposing Israel’s institutionalized displacement of Palestinians and their resettlement in concentrated areas throughout the West Bank.
In an interview last week, Halper offered a detailed – and profoundly troubling – picture of Israel’s resettlement of Palestinians throughout the Occupied Territories:
(Area C of the West Bank) contains less than 5 per cent of the Palestinian population. In 1967 the Jordan valley contained about 250,000 people. Today it’s less than 50,000. So the Palestinians have either been driven out of the country, especially the middle class, or they have been driven to areas A and B. That’s where 96 or 97 per cent of them are. The Palestinian population has been brought down low enough, there is probably somewhere around 125,000 Palestinians in area C, so Israel could annex area C and give them full citizenship.
Basically, Israel can absorb 125,000 Palestinians without upsetting the demographic balance. And then, what is the world going to say? It’s not apartheid, Israel has given them full citizenship. So I think Israel feels it could get away with that. No one cares about what’s happening in areas A and B. If they want to declare a state, they can…
In other words, we’re finished. Israel is now from the Mediterranean to the Jordan River, the Palestinians have been confined in areas A and B or in small enclaves in East Jerusalem, and that’s it.
To better understand Halper’s point, look carefully at the map on the top right of this post. Areas A, B and C refer to regions that were created through the terms of the 1993 Oslo Accords. According to the agreement, Palestinians are responsible for security and for the civil administration of Area A; Area B is under Israeli military control and Palestinian civil authority; and Area C is under total Israeli military and civil control. (In reality, however, the Israeli military has ultimate control over all three areas – for over a decade the IDF regularly has made incursions into Areas A and B with impunity).
According to the terms of the Oslo Accords, these three regions were intended to be temporary until 1998; today they have become permanent facts on the ground. As you can see from white portions of the map, Area C comprises the strong majority of the West Bank. It contains nearly all Israeli settlements; it is crisscrossed by Israeli-only access roads that connect the settlements to each other and to Israel proper; it includes large buffer zones and almost all of the Jordan Valley and the Judean Desert (the large swath of white on the east).
As Halper points out, Israel is pursing policies that are systematically driving Palestinians out of Area C, to the extent that these regions now contain less than 5% of the population. The overwhelming majority of West Bank Palestinians now live in Areas A and B (on the map, grey and black) – which are essentially concentrated, disconnected cantons separated by checkpoints and choked off from Israel by the Separation Wall.
Bottom line? Israel has succeeded extending its control over the majority of the West Bank by moving Palestinian residents into what amount to “legal” open-air prisons – or as Halper calls it,”warehousing.”
(Warehousing) captures what’s going on better than apartheid. Warehousing is permanent. Apartheid recognizes that there is another side. With warehousing it’s like prison. There is no other side. There is us, and then there are these people that we control, they have no rights, they have no identity, they’re inmates. It’s not political, it’s permanent, static. Apartheid you can resist. The whole brilliance of warehousing is that you can’t resist because you’re a prisoner.
Prisoners can rise up in the prison yards but prison guards have all the rights in the world to put them down. That’s what Israel has come to. They are terrorists and we have the right to put them down. In a sense Israel has succeeded with the international community, and the US especially, in taking out of this situation the political. It’s now solely an issue of security, just like in prisons.
Halper actually predicted the warehousing phenomenon as long ago as 2008, in an important piece that offered an in depth analysis of Israel’s practices throughout the West Bank. Among other things, he compared Israel’s practice to South Africa’s creation of Bantustans, in which 3.5 million black South Africans were forced from their homes from the 1960s through the 1980s:
Warehousing…is in many ways worse than the Bantustans of apartheid-era South Africa. The ten non-viable “homelands” established by South Africa for the black African majority on only 11% of the country’s land were, to be sure, a type of warehouse. They were intended to supply South Africa with cheap labor while relieving it of its black population, thus making possible a European dominated “democracy.” This is precisely what Israel is intending – its Palestinian Bantustan encompassing around 15% of historic Palestine – but with a crucial caveat: Palestinian workers will not be allowed into Israel. Having discovered a cheaper source of labor, some 300,000 foreign workers imported from China, the Philippines, Thailand, Rumania and West Africa, augmented by its own Arab, Mizrahi, Ethiopian, Russian and Eastern European citizens, Israel can afford to lock them out even while withholding from them a viable economy of their own with unfettered ties to the surrounding Arab countries. From every point of view, historically, culturally, politically and economically, the Palestinians have been defined as “surplus humanity;” nothing remains to do with them except warehousing, which the concerned international community appears willing to allow Israel to do.
Perhaps most crucially, Halper places Israel’s policies and practices within a larger global context. He refers to a “Global Palestine”: a new 21st century reality in which political considerations and human rights are jettisoned in favor of a corporate-military model that seeks to control, manage, contain (and profit from) “surplus populations.”
Again, from last week’s interview:
(Warehousing) does not have any legal reference today but we’d like to put that in because warehousing is not only in Israel. Warehousing exists all over the capitalist world. Two-thirds of the people have been warehoused. That’s why I’m writing about Global Palestine. I’m saying that Palestine is a microcosm of what’s happening around the world.
Even though Jeff Halper may be a secular Israeli anthropologist, I believe him to be a prophetic figure of the highest order. He has long been speaking hard truths on the wages of corrupt power in his country. Do we have the courage to listen to his message?
PS: Here’s an Israeli hasabara video from an organization called “My Israel” that unabashedly advocates what Halper is exposing: i.e., the annexation of Area C. It’s in Hebrew, but if even you don’t understand, if you watch it until the end, you will get their drift. Note that while it uses extensive use of maps, it never actually shows Areas A and B for what really are – isolated, disconnected cantons dotted throughout Area C.
It isn’t “madness”. It is the land that G-d promised to the nation of Israel- as per YOUR Tanach. And G-d’s promise is coming to fruition before your eyes, as we always knew it would- as we always prayed that it would:
“For the Lord shall console Zion, He shall console all its ruins, and He shall make its desert like a paradise and its wasteland like the garden of the Lord; joy and happiness shall be found therein, thanksgiving and a voice of song. (Isaiah 51:3)
“For I will take you from among the nations, and gather you out of all the countries, and will bring you into your own land.” (Ezekiel 36:24)
And of course, much more.
Maybe it’s all merely a “coincidence”, right? I mean- there have been NUMEROUS other examples in history of a nation being exiled from their land for nearly 2000 years- to the 4 corners of the earth- and not only did they not disappear, not assimilate, but actually returned to their land as was promised in their holy books- right?
Name a few.
Can’t? OK, then name one (besides the nation of Israel).
Thanks for the link to that video! Fascinating.
It is a really good video and what awaits the Palestinians unless they change their ideology to one that accepts having a peaceful Palestinian state next to the Jewish State of Israel. As for the argument that Areas A and B are disconnected, that too can be fixed with transfers of territory C to areas A+B to create only two or three larger territorial blocks and by building transportation contiguity between the Palestinian areas by building highways roughly according to the award winning ARC plan created by the Rand corporation. A Palestinian would be able to get from Jenin to Yatta without ever going through a checkpoint and would be able to continue to Jordan once reaching Jericho. Jeff Halper does not like it but I don’t really see him presenting a winning argument against its viability.
With due respect, what you have described here is not “a peaceful Palestinian state,” but one large Bantustan that would be located smack in the middle of Israel. And you have not even dealt with the issue of E. Jerusalem, which would likewise be surrounded on all sides by a thoroughly “Judaized” Jerusalem. At any rate all this is moot because Israel continues to settle Area C with utter impunity, making even the possibility of such an emasculated Palestinian “state” increasingly unlikely.
A de facto state created by an Israeli separation is the alternative to a peaceful Palestinian state created by peace agreeent. Transportation contiguity within such a state is entirely achievable with minimal transfers from area C to aread B+A and with the relocation of a small number of settlements. This “bantustan” is already internationally recognized with a recognized government and state visits to Ramallah by foreign heads of state and it is seeking to voluntarily upgrade its legal status at various international forums to that of a ‘state’ with support and recognition from 130+ states. The ‘bantustan’ analogy is empty. . There is also no such thing as East Jerusalem any more. There are Arab neighborhoods in Jerusalem with Jewish neighborhoods all around them, many even with Jewish communities in their midst and all completely separated from the Palestinian areas. The Arab residents carry Israeli resident status with an increasing number opting for the citizenship that is an option for them. In other words, the alternative to the peaceful Palestinian state doesn’t get any part of Jerusalem.
Incorrect. Israel does NOT allow settlement in Area C “with impunity”, there are very strict regulations about where settlement building can take place. I am sure you hear the news all the time from Israel about how the gov’t forbids settlement EVEN in areas where Jews live, such as the recent case where the gov’t prohibited Jews from moving into a home purchased by Jews in the Israeli-controlled party of Hevron.
If the Palestinians want to get rid of Jewish settlements, all they have to do is sign a compromise peace agreement with Israel. Barak, Sharon and Olmert all offered to get rid of most of the settlements, Sharon offering to do it unilaterallary. But this means the Palestinians would have to give up the demand for the “right of return” of the refugees, something they will never agree to, presumably wth your support, since the JVP claims that Tel Aviv is an illegal settlement based on the Nakba as well. JVP’s support for the endless grievances of the Palestinians is merely prolonging the conflict by making the Palestinians and the rest of the Arab world think that there are Jews who support their endless grievances making them think that if they stall, the Jewish/Israeli side will eventually collapse, giving them everything they want without any compromises on their side.
I’ll stand by my assertion. As long as Israel maintains total military control over the West Bank, it can do what it pleases there. BTW: the “Israeli-controlled part of Hevron” is not in Area C. It is in Area A. It is inhabited by in 35,000 Palestinians and 500 Jewish settlers, where entire streets are completely off limits to Palestinians. In such a situation, it is disingenuous in the extreme to point to one instance in which “the government prohibited Jews from moving into a home” as an example of Israeli tolerance.
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